Rest Api Boolean Parameter

# API-RESTFUL. Working with RESTful API Query, Body, and Path Parameters Posted by Chris Wahl on 2017-09-25 in Random | Leave a response I recently presented An Introduction to RESTful APIs as part of the vBrownBag’s API Zero to Hero series. The q parameter specifies the query string. Essentially, a RESTful API ends up being simply a collection of URIs, HTTP calls to those URIs and some JSON and/or XML representations of resources, many of which will contain relational links. RESTful APIs enable you to call individual API endpoints to perform the following actions: GET - retrieve specific information, which may include arrays and sets of data and. In this post, I will cover some basic concepts for creating high-quality runbooks in Azure Automation. For filter parameters, see the individual GET calls. Parameters can be defined on both resource/child-resource and method level and are managed via a parameters table in the corresponding Resource/Method editors: The toolbar at the top of the table has the following actions: (left to right) Add - adds a new parameter. But since I'll be using it in a web application/REST API, I'll add a few dependencies anyways, like HSQLDB, JPA, Lombok and Web. The Delivery API is a read-only REST API that serves published content from your Kentico Cloud projects. 1 Protocol W3C Recommendation. Postman tool we used above is a wonderful Client to test Rest API. track_total_hits. The parameter name and value are expected to be unescaped and may contain non ASCII characters. The main GitLab API is a REST API. A named credential URL contains the scheme callout:, the name of the named credential, and an optional path. FTP over SSL processing. ePub - Complete Book (165. The id parameter is a "simple" type, so Web API tries to get the value from the request URI. Django, API, REST, Serializer fields. Welcome to the Wootric API documentation! You can use our API to access and update your end users, responses and declines. Please note query parameters and custom query component are mutually exclusive. If I have multiple multi-dimentional array then how can I access it dynamically…If I take value from user and I want to match with JSON array and display all array values of array. "ID" Format. To limit, or page, and sort the data that is returned in some API responses, use these, or similar, query parameters:. You can set the endpoint as a named credential URL. You can use any file name. Authentication is a means to verify the identity of the user or agent that is making the REST API request. The description for each version should be a verbose one which has enough information to be suitable for use in user documentation. NET Web Api REST service from a. This way, there is no more. Map services can expose different levels of capabilities. The actual response will depend on the request method used. The Open Data Protocol (OData) enables the creation of REST-based data services, which allow resources, identified using Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) and defined in a data model, to be published and edited by Web clients using simple HTTP messages. Like other Slack API's, the SCIM methods are accessed over that old standby protocol, HTTP. Forcing the content type and using JSON. This enables the use of GET, POST, and HTTP authentication, which standard HTTP clients understand. Set to true if you're on Windows Azure. Adafruit IO HTTP API. The new channel is created immediately and a snapshot of it returned. Each REST API has a schema for the request content. API endpoints accept arguments either as url-encoded values for non-POST requests or as json-encoded objects encoded in POST request body with application/json Content-Type. toString(), if no matching string converter is installed) and then URL encoded. Stored procedures can be accessed on each database service by the _proc resource. rest_total_hits_as_int (Optional, boolean) Indicates whether hits. When sorting, set to true in order to still track scores and return them as part of each hit. REST Parameters. PDF - Complete Book (1. Indicates if API revision is current api revision. 0 clients or servers. Defaults to 10,000. Note that, unlike the M-Files COM API, the M-Files Web Service will exclude deleted objects from the search results by default. For most REST GET calls, you can include one or more query parameters on the request URI to filter, limit the size of, and sort the data in an API response. We use built-in HTTP features, like HTTP authentication and HTTP verbs, which are understood by off-the-shelf HTTP clients. Even though we are using an int Java data type in this example, the input could be any simple Java type, POJO, or Stream type. Response Codes; code condition; 200: On successful FullText lookup with some results, might return an empty list if execution succeeded without any results. Part of the DUO SDK, The DUO API provides low level access to device details, controls and configuration with the use of supported methods and parameters. Hitting our REST API. In this Jenkins parameterized build example with Boolean and String parameters, you'll see just how easy it is to create and configure a CI job that. visibility string (optional) Example: private. You could only use this API to manage the system. RestProducerFactory is registered in the registry. And as with boolean fields, the use of negative naming for boolean parameters is strongly discouraged, for the same reasons. For a full outline of the REST Endpoints and parameters see the REST API Guide here Note: When using the API to search secrets, the account used must have at least View permissions on the full folder path in order find the correct secret. It is also a tool for creating custom routes and endpoints. If true, the OR operator is applied between multiple attribute parameters. The latter have parameters of the form __ so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object. apiVersionSet Api Version Set Contract Details. Mapping Yes/no to Boolean in ReST API query parameter Tag: rest , jax-rs I am trying to map yes/no , true/false , Y/N to a boolean in JAX-RS url query parameter, but it maps only true/false successfully, all other values are mapped to false all the time. com? I only seem to be able to register and log into opensensors. the Rewrites API, as well as the query classes: WP_Query, WP_User, etc) are also available for creating your own URL mappings, or custom queries. RESTful APIs enable you to call individual API endpoints to perform the following actions: GET - retrieve specific information, which may include arrays and sets of data and. Follow these steps to install the example extension in the modules database associated with your REST API instance: If you do not already have a REST API instance, create one. Hi all, I am writing my own REST API for SOE, in the API, I wish to have a parameter with Boolean type. The Tableau Server Client (TSC) is a Python library for the Tableau Server REST API. A named credential URL contains the scheme callout:, the name of the named credential, and an optional path. I can't get the API to accept the parameters I pass. Hall of API shame: boolean trap (it's almost invariably a mistake to add a bool parameter to an existing function) Close. Do not forget to change the password of this user afterwards. When you're coding your OpenAPI specification document, instead of working in a text editor, you can write your code in the Swagger Editor. Make sure to replace YOUR-API-KEY with your API key. Use the input parameter to define or filter the information shown on the screen. Let’s see other parameters and options which can be used with REST services. The parameter name must be the same as specified in the path. 0/storage/volume/¶. Example search conditions. A feature of the API Gateway control service for updating an existing API with an input of external API definitions. Sqoop REST API Guide ¶. For example: OWNERID. SMS is used as the transport but the SIM does not require an addressable phone number to receive a Command. In this post I’ll go through the details of the SharePoint 2013 Search REST API. As you'll see, compared to JDBC, MyBatis greatly simplifies your code and keeps it clean, easy to understand and maintain. In Part 2 of this series, you added the ability to save changes made through the REST API to a database using SQLAlchemy and learned how to serialize that data for the REST API using Marshmallow. The syntax of the query string is:. boolean: When running GET requests on Filestack URLs inside a browser, the browser may choose to. The parameter description is a phrase, not a full sentence. Create a new channel (originate). Information about general requirements, authentication, optional query parameters, request URLs, and other references. Hello, I tried to use Catalog API to get info about several workflows with one request but cannot find details about "conditions" parameter format. You may also supply additional query parameters such as dimensions, filters, and segments to refine your query. Boolean Values edit All REST API parameters (both request parameters and JSON body) support providing boolean "false" as the value false and boolean "true" as the value true. The GTmetrix API offers developers an easy way to utilize GTmetrix's performance testing service. REST API aims to provide API developers a friendly way to deal with the most basic features of Todoist API. Those parameters are specified in the form parameterName=value. Use Clickatell's PHP script library with our REST messaging APIs to interact with the Clickatell SMS Gateway. While complex values serialize just fine, simple values like strings and dates and form variables require special attention. If argument name is not supplied, the post will only submit the supplied value (this can be used for xml posts for example). Query parameters that apply to all Drive API operations are shown in the table below. WooCommerce REST API v1 docs; Parameters should be normalized by URL encoding according to boolean: Shows if the API is able to auto generate passwords for. API endpoints accept arguments either as url-encoded values for non-POST requests or as json-encoded objects encoded in POST request body with application/json Content-Type. NiFi Rest Api 1. The order of multiple @param tags should mirror their order in the method or constructor. A reference guide to the Tapfiliate REST API. Boolean Values edit All REST API parameters (both request parameters and JSON body) support providing boolean "false" as the value false and boolean "true" as the value true. Upper case Boolean is an object type whereas lower case boolean is a primitive type. The operations and the corresponding FileSystem/FileContext methods are shown in the next section. Query Parameters. Let’s see other parameters and options which can be used with REST services. The API key can be obtained manually from the CallPage app. Create a new channel (originate). The documentation for Invoke-RestMethod is a long sea of text. The Marketplace API uses HTTP basic authentication and your Atlassian account. This new REST service is the best way to go in a variety of application scenarious. Filter object is a nested JSON object that will be evaluated to Where arguments in a SQL query. The rdf4j REST API extends the W3C standards in several aspects, the most important of which is that it supports a full database transaction mechanism. Automate GitLab via a simple and powerful API. Best regards,. The CXF JAXRS front end implements a proxy-based client API, with this API you can invoke the remote REST service through a proxy. REST API not accepting booleans in a consistent manner. Defaults to false. First four data types (string, number, boolean and null) can be referred as simple data types. A feature of the API Gateway control service for updating an existing API with an input of external API definitions. We’ll end up with is a small executable. You can access all the data by formatting URLs like so:. BodyBuilder ok (). Therefore, documentation in this section assumes knowledge of REST concepts. RESTful APIs enable you to call individual API endpoints to perform the following actions: GET - retrieve specific information, which may include arrays and sets of data and. For example, an Apex REST method that contains a user-defined type parameter might look like the. Passing POST parameters into Web API using Postman. Defaults to 10,000. The REST APIs are for developers who want to integrate JIRA Service Desk with other applications, and for administrators who want to script configuration interactions with JIRA Service Desk. I'm trying to create a Contact via the REST API - that works without issues if I don't include custom boolean fields in the request. Onomondo uses API keys to allow access to the API. The syntax of the query string is:. More deeply: they also scale horribly. Hello, I tried to use Catalog API to get info about several workflows with one request but cannot find details about "conditions" parameter format. Warning: V1 of Dialogflow's API will be shut down on October 23, 2019. Authentication requires every request to include two additional GET parameters: key_identity and key_credential. If you are writing a plugin, you can maintain backwards compatibility of your REST API endpoints by simply creating new endpoints and bumping up the version number you provide. A "createaccount" token retrieved from action=query&meta=tokens. If you want to call the workflow with parameters, add them into the payload with the "parameters" attribute. It is also a tool for creating custom routes and endpoints. We strongly recommend that our new customers use API version 2. Stored procedure and function support via the REST API is currently just for discovery and calling the stored procedures and functions that you have already created on your database, not for managing the stored procedures and functions themselves. Here’s an overview of how WebAPI binds parameters to an action method. If you are a subscriber and you are trying this from a console add 'X-TheySaidSo-Api-Secret' header and add your api key as the header value. When sorting, set to true in order to still track scores and return them as part of each hit. For resources that contain collections of other resources, the Packet API will return links to the other resources by default. NET types so that you can. Object: Default values for url parameters. 1 Protocol W3C Recommendation. You can use user-defined types for parameters in your Apex REST methods. The REST APIs are for developers who want to integrate JIRA Service Desk with other applications, and for administrators who want to script configuration interactions with JIRA Service Desk. catch (function {// This is where you run code if the server returns any errors}); Looks pretty simple right? So let's starting using it Using fetch to get data from an API. Symantec Endpoint Protection Cloud (SEP Cloud) offers a set of REST APIs that are useful for integration with various third-party applications to perform SEP Cloud operations. Request and response format. I’m going to show you how to create a REST API using only the packages bundled with FreePascal and Lazarus, no frameworks or other tools needed. This is why report parameters can have any number of custom-defined name/value property pairs, just like the report template itself could have at the top level. The rest parameter syntax allows us to represent an indefinite number of arguments as an array. In this post, I will cover some basic concepts for creating high-quality runbooks in Azure Automation. enhanced: boolean. REST API Design: Filtering, Sorting, and Pagination Updated: April 23, 2019 11 minute read API design is becoming a core pillar of API product strategy regardless if the API is public or used internally. SIMs Get All SIMs. The creation of a parameterized Jenkins build is one of the easiest ways to add flexibility and customization to your continuous integration pipelines. For example:. This article describes how to work with SharePoint list items, basically performing CRUD operations, using the combination of REST API and jQuery Ajax. Boolean values are supported by both JavaScript and TypeScript and stored as true/false values. Timestamp of the event (no timezone applied ). Use the Try It! experience to change the parameters of selected operations and observe the responses that are returned from the demo tenant. It depends on the language. 0', The endpoint parameter prefix all views and resources: All fields accept a required boolean and a description string in kwargs. TypeScript Boolean: let isPresent:boolean = true; Note that, Boolean with an upper case B is different from boolean with a lower case b. 2 The Rest Api provides programmatic access to command and control a NiFi instance in real time. Information about general requirements, authentication, optional query parameters, request URLs, and other references. Rest API Manual. The first parameter within that function-(int input)-is the input to the handler sent through the REST service. Field Type Description. 0 KB) View in various apps on iPhone, iPad, Android, Sony Reader, or Windows Phone. The Bot API is an HTTP-based interface created for developers keen on building bots for Telegram. NET WebAPI is a powerful tool for creating APIs quickly and efficiently in. List all active channels in Asterisk. for example, I have a parameter called "Return Geometry" (similar to REST API identify), and I wish the parameter appearing as radio button (True, False). The HTTP REST API supports the complete FileSystem interface for HDFS. Mixer API 1. This is the REST API documentation for Genie version 3. In this post, I will cover some basic concepts for creating high-quality runbooks in Azure Automation. This is a remote API helper function. I am currently designing a JSON RESTful API which should have a boolean endpoint such as /item/vote which can either be false meaning that a user has not voted for a specific item or true meaning that he has voted. NET Web API. Wistia is a video hosting solution for marketers. The parameters are all passed as String values, event if the value type is a boolean. This handles the creation of the search condition querystring parameters, and any encoding required for their values. catch (function {// This is where you run code if the server returns any errors}); Looks pretty simple right? So let's starting using it Using fetch to get data from an API. The Packet API uses a few methods to minimize network traffic and bandwidth: include. This documentation is intended for application developers who are looking to integrate OpenSupports with other applications. Similar to the API Explorer, the PHP API client requires the use of an api_key. TypeScript - Rest Parameters. In this second part you will learn how to give some basic informations about your API, describe endpoints using various HTTP methods with path, query and body parameters and returning various HTTP status and responses. Unlike other request handlers, the CoreAdminHandler is not attached to a single core. 0 - API Query Parameters. The name "article" is a legacy misnomer, it is used to describe products. Rest parameters with tuple types # When a rest parameter has a tuple type, the tuple type is expanded into a sequence of discrete parameters. Designing a REST api by URI vs query string. In OutSystems, we use Input Parameters to pass information between screens. The rdf4j server REST API The rdf4j server REST API is a HTTP Protocol that covers a fully compliant implementation of the SPARQL 1. This enables the use of GET, POST, and HTTP authentication, which standard HTTP clients understand. 0 REST documentation. The Authentication (REST) API uses the requestState parameter to maintain state of the calls that originate from the sample sign-in application. This document describes how you can use the Remote Config REST API to read and modify the set of JSON-formatted parameters and conditions known as the Remote Config template. The source for this interactive example is stored in a GitHub repository. These effects are magnified exponentially each time the boolean argument is passed on in a further method call. user-id is not set, no users or privileges will be. As an API developer working on a Smartsheet Gov account, you should be aware of the following differences from the standard API: The base URL for each API call is smartsheetgov. JSON Schema documents are identified by URIs, which can be used in HTTP Link headers, and inside JSON Schema documents to allow recursive definitions. Create a new channel (originate). Hi Andy, if you want to use the Calls your equipment is making right now, there will be some major changes needed on the platform, as I indicated, Thingworx REST API can't consume the additional pieces you have in the URL. As of jQuery 1. Query parameters. The MyBatis Java API is where you get to reap the rewards of your efforts. The Marketplace API uses HTTP basic authentication and your Atlassian account. Automating SOAP API tests with SOAPUI How to pass parameters to tags guide me just to consume webservices from command line rest part i will do. useUnifiedTopology=false] «Boolean» False by. Mapping Yes/no to Boolean in ReST API query parameter Tag: rest , jax-rs I am trying to map yes/no , true/false , Y/N to a boolean in JAX-RS url query parameter, but it maps only true/false successfully, all other values are mapped to false all the time. Description. track_total_hits. This can reduce latency if your requests originate from the same region as your REST API and can be helpful in building multi-region applications. The use of a boolean (or an int, for that matter) to encapsulate state is perfectly justifiable in many cases. For a full list, refer to the REST API Reference. The OpenAPI Specification (OAS) defines a standard, language-agnostic interface to RESTful APIs which allows both humans and computers to discover and understand the capabilities of the service without access to source code, documentation, or through network traffic inspection. By default, the query parameter is named 'ordering', but this may by overridden with the ORDERING_PARAM setting. Indicates if API revision is current api revision. The current version of the API is v1, the version is part of the URL, so all calls to the API explicitly include the API version. This user will be given the access-rest-api privilege which is needed by default to access the REST API. You can use this library to create your own custom applications. TypeScript Boolean: let isPresent:boolean = true; Note that, Boolean with an upper case B is different from boolean with a lower case b. Rest parameters with tuple types # When a rest parameter has a tuple type, the tuple type is expanded into a sequence of discrete parameters. Rest Assured is one of the most popular libraries which is highly used in API Test Automation in most of the companies. The jqXHR Object. NeoWs is proud to power AsteroidTracker on iOS and Android as well as related apps. The API layer supports validating the input body of a request with json-schema. Those parameters are specified in the form parameterName=value. We’ll end up with is a small executable. To do this, I'll use the Spring Initializr to get my project. Using HttpClient to Consume ASP. The structure of the geometries is same as the structure of the JSON geometry objects returned by the ArcGIS REST API. Here is the first, and the second. Parameters that are unique to a single service will have their formats presented in the section devoted to that particular service. See more at https://answers. To learn more about how to model your content, read our modelling guide. Sets parameter of URI query overriding existing value if set. Hi, It's similar to the Java API you can find in the FormService. What is the best way to pass boolean parameters to a WCF RESTful service? Using trueor false like this: api/resource?hasProperty=true or using 0 or 1 like this: api. Extracting Request Parameters. The operations and the corresponding FileSystem methods are shown in the next section. useNewUrlParser=false] «Boolean» False by default. empty() parameter. If desired, the JVM property -Djavax. - linkedin/cruise-control. This is a more superficial explanation of why they're bad: they're hard to name. Because it uses promises, you can combine it with async/await to get an amazingly concise and easy-to-use API, as I will demonstrate here. The Section HTTP Query Parameter Dictionary specifies the parameter details such as the defaults and the valid values. Using this parameter is optional. See more at https://answers. It depends on the language. That means, if the time parameter was set to \(t\), the API will return state vectors for time \(t - (t\ mod\ 5)\). Hello, I tried to use Catalog API to get info about several workflows with one request but cannot find details about "conditions" parameter format. Return code is described below. The use of a boolean (or an int, for that matter) to encapsulate state is perfectly justifiable in many cases. createcontinue. Secret key generator for wp-config. I’m going to show you how to create a REST API using only the packages bundled with FreePascal and Lazarus, no frameworks or other tools needed. SharePoint 2013 includes a Search REST service to add search functionality to your client and mobile applications by using any technology that supports REST web requests. Query Parameter Options. If your csv does not contain email entries, it will override the previous employee directory in full. com host to access to the public Qiita data, otherwise use *. Getting Started ¶. The Orchestrator REST API exposes the objects from the inventories of the Orchestrator server and the installed plug-ins as resources at predefined URLs. com; Brazil South - brazilsouth. boolean: true to create a Everything else about the endpoint is the same as the rest of the API. REST API Design: Filtering, Sorting, and Pagination Updated: April 23, 2019 11 minute read API design is becoming a core pillar of API product strategy regardless if the API is public or used internally. The order of multiple @param tags should mirror their order in the method or constructor. With these features it becomes possible to strongly type a number of higher-order functions that transform functions and their parameter lists. HitBTC REST & Streaming API version 2. Currently, the only serialization format supported is json and the versions of the API are v1 and v2. Limits per Edition. REST API - Article Resource Introduction. See the discussion of the jsonp data type in $. Cisco DCNM REST API Guide, Release 10. REST API Base URL. 0 KB) View in various apps on iPhone, iPad, Android, Sony Reader, or Windows Phone. Standard response for successful HTTP requests. This article explains parameter binding in the ASP. 0 to get the best trading experience. The HTTP REST API supports the complete FileSystem interface for HDFS. visibility string (optional) Example: private. I'm trying to create a Contact via the REST API - that works without issues if I don't include custom boolean fields in the request. The API layer supports validating the input body of a request with json-schema. Secret key generator for wp-config. Sets parameter of URI query overriding existing value if set. Onomondo uses API keys to allow access to the API. Defaults to "mi". Web API is at its core, simply a pure technology for dealing with HTTP requests. This is officially part of Java EE 6, but can be used in a simple servlet container just as easily (as you will see below). The WakaTime API follows common REST you can pass your api key as a query parameter in your request like ?api_key can_delete": Get(string id, string surnam, strin. The Delivery API is a read-only REST API that serves published content from your Kentico Cloud projects. It also accepts an integer which in this case. Query parameters that apply to all Drive API operations are shown in the table below. This is officially part of Java EE 6, but can be used in a simple servlet container just as easily (as you will see below). Accessing the SCIM API. Lets begin by making a complete app that responds to requests at /hello and handles an optional GET parameter. 3 Import REST API data in Tableau using Microsoft SQL Server Connector; 4 Passing Parameters to REST API calls in Tableau (Dynamic SQL) 5 Read data from JSON Files in Tableau (Single or Multiple) 6 Read CSV Files or URL in Tableau; 7 Read XML Files or API in Tableau; 8 Call POST REST API in Tableau; 9 REST API / XML SOAP Pagination Settings. There may be some merit in that if we assume that Web API was created for use in RESTful services only. The REST API is a lower level API than the Sqoop client API, which gives you the freedom to execute commands in Sqoop server with any tools or programming language. So all the information will have to go to the Parameter declaration. NET WebAPI is a powerful tool for creating APIs quickly and efficiently in. Use the input parameter to define or filter the information shown on the screen. com January 25th, 2014 SharePoint Saturday Stockholm. For example:. A boolean determining whether or not the connection will be encrypted. Postman tool we used above is a wonderful Client to test Rest API. Since version 1. If argument name is not supplied, the post will only submit the supplied value (this can be used for xml posts for example). Our API has predictable, resource-oriented URLs, and uses HTTP response codes to indicate API errors. Use the input parameter to define or filter the information shown on the screen. We use built-in HTTP features, like HTTP authentication and HTTP verbs, which are understood by off-the-shelf HTTP clients. I’m going to show you how to create a REST API using only the packages bundled with FreePascal and Lazarus, no frameworks or other tools needed. Query Parameters. Web API allows for RPC style method access, but there are differences from older Microsoft AJAX APIs when it comes to passing multiple parameters. Builds arguments list for an HTTP request, adding a new binary parameter to the arguments list. You can trigger a certain number of API call per day/per users based on the Edition. Angular is a platform for building mobile and desktop web applications. The method supports the following parameters. apiType Soap Api Type; Type of Api to create. This is an all or nothing operation; if any individual attempt to associate fails, all previously successful attempts will be rolled back. Bitcoin REST API at CEX. (object) Parameters defining the desired output. There can be several sort parameters (order is important). [update] Parameter binding is ultimately about taking a HTTP request and converting it into. VS Code API is a set of JavaScript APIs that you can invoke in your Visual Studio Code extension. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: