And In Access Query

Check out our top 10 list below and follow our links to read our full in-depth review of each online dating site, alongside which you'll find costs and features lists, user reviews and videos to help you make the right choice. When you build a query in Access, you are defining specific search conditions to find exactly the data you want. The preceding example uses the IIf function to evaluate the givven expression and returns the word "Expensive" if the amount is greater than 400; otherwise, it returns the word "Cheap". Click the table or query on which you want to base your report. How to convert columns into rows. These new fields can incorporate a large number of built in functions which let you manipulate values. Ask Question Asked 5 years, 10 months ago. Bookmark this page What is a Query in MS Access? Simply put, a query is a way to combine information stored in separate tables to avoid. Access Tables and Queries only contain basic presentation tools because it is assumed that data will be presented to users in Forms or Reports. Union Query XV. If I run the following query against > MySQL it returns "Unknown column 'Obsolete' in 'having clause'". We have created a field that calculates row by row or record by record to. Once you provide the value, it will continue running, using the. Now, lets create a query using a 'Query design' and select the table 'Customers' on which you are going to run the query. A lookup column can be based on a table, a query, or a list of values you type. Microsoft Access Outer Join Query: Finding All Records in One Table but Not Another and Creating "Not In" Queries by Molly Pell, Quality Assurance Specialist. Hi all - Access 2007 - Vista Ultimate. microsoft access 2007 and calculated field Create a Calculated Field in an Access Query In Excel you can create your formulas on the worksheet with your data. make sure that your tables include a currentEntryDate (date) field where the date is recorded for when the row is created or modified. This must be done in the most simple form without any bells or whistles. Hello, I have an Access Table for Credit Notes that contains the Following 2 Fields: Document # and Ret. Ahmed Farouk 78,661 views. To our students who started the Access 2007 course and noticed. It may take some time, depending on how large the data table is. If you base your lookup column on a table or query, you must create the table or query before creating the lookup column. How are queries used? Queries are far more powerful than the simple searches or filters you might use to find data within a table. If you haven't yet created the document, open Microsoft Access, click Blank Database, enter a name, click Create, and enter your database's data before continuing. How to create a parameter query. This is acceptable to Access as long as both fields have the same data type. We provide asymptotically optimal algorithms for finding minimal containing and maximal contained rewritings and for deciding whether an exact rewriting exists. i need to write a query that combines multiple columns of text. Access will present you with some warning messages that you are about to create a new table. In trying to get a Boolean value to use in my query for whether or not a record’s ID value is found in another query, I find Exists works great — as long as the table I’m using isn’t also in the query used in the Exists clause. I need to schedule access queries to run each month/week and reports based on those queries at the same time and then saved into my Box Folder so that I can share them with those who need them each month/week. Calculating a Group of Query Records in Design View. So if monthstart = "Jan" I need to add the field "Jan" from the table. MS Access 2007: Only show unique values in a query This MSAccess tutorial explains how to display only the unique values in a query in Access 2007 (with screenshots and step-by-step instructions). To run a query in Access from the query’s “Design View,” open a query in query design view. Access Table Schema Query 2007 Crosstab I created a user input form that would reproduce the layout of a crosstab/pivot with Beginners. There are two options in the query's property sheet, "Unique Values" and "Unique Records": These properties correspond with the DISTINCT and DISTINCTROW statements (respectively) in SQL. Insert, update, and delete records from a table using Access SQL. Query criteria quick reference guide Below, you'll find a guide containing 20 of the most common criteria used in Access queries. How to hide and unhide a MS Access object You can hide and unhide a MS Access object (Tables, Queries, Forms, Reports, Pages, Macros, Modules) in the query navigation pane. The basic query tool in Access 2016, created to make your life easier, is the Select query — so named because it selects matching records from your database and displays the results according to your instructions. PHP Projects for $30 - $5000. How to count distinct records in MS Access. my database is a database of wallpapers on my computer (i use john's background switcher), so i can easily find them and have them. A list of unsold paintings only. My Access database table has 2 columns: name and price. Use IN to avoid duplicates in your queries that has a GROUP BY clause. How do i avoid this message. AQL uses TCL commands and displays the results either on terminals or printers. While analysing data, there are many instances when you need to create a running total (also known as a 'Cumulative Sum'). A query to rank or number the results is often requested. mdb somehow is used to create reports against a database. It allows the user to become comfortable with queries and the how to establish links between the tables and queries the database uses. You can create a normal Access Select Query, then drag the fields you want to match together. I have tried without success at finding the answer on the forum as well as searching the web. Access 2013 Part 2: Queries Adding this event to your calendar does not enroll you in the course. Featured Query Access free downloads and reviews. Heroin Detox Centers (FCR), a leading addiction treatment center in the US, provides supervised medical detox and rehab programs to treat alcoholism, drug addiction and co-occurring mental health disorders such as PTSD, depression and anxiety. The following example uses the Orders table in the Northwind. This is an action competition pistol laden with popular custom features. Access query to combine two columns into one longer column with both sets of data. A string expression that's the valid name of a query in the current database. This example utilizes several advanced VBA functions to export an Access table to Excel. We'll teach you exactly what a parameter query is and how you can create them. Such a query will look something like this: Close and save the query. When you run a parameter query, it asks you to enter a value. Parameter Queries in Microsoft Access 2013. Access Table Schema Query 2007 Crosstab I created a user input form that would reproduce the layout of a crosstab/pivot with Beginners. sql,awk,sqlite3. In Excel you can create your formulas on the worksheet with your data. Access creates your report and displays your report in Layout view. Click an empty column in the Field row of the query grid. Union Queries or Joining Queries Together. For example, if a business has customers in several different countries and they are running a promotion only for customers in France, UK and USA. Post Author: OfficeTutes. After the query is run, you can save it if you might want to use it again later or close it without saving it. An Access query is very versatile and can pull information from various tables and assemble it for display in a form or report. IF AND OR Formula in Access. Drag the field to be updated in the target table to the query grid. Note: Queries containing formulas with the operators %RT, %CT, %GT, SUMRT, SUMCT, SUMGT, and LEAF cannot be released for OLE DB for OLAP. The query design grid in Access 2010 (same as Access 2013, Access 2016, Access 2019) The query should be visible in the object browser on the left. When you type wildcard characters in Access into the criteria row of the QBE grid, Access places the word "Like" before them. The basic query already calculates the net book value for each CLI_SIC code. SQL queries using Data Manipulation Language (the set of SQL statements that access or modify data, as opposed to the Data Definition Language that modifies the structure of the database itself) consist of four blocks, the first two of which are not optional. Double-click on the query to run it. e In the last name field you may. Is there an MS Access function that returns the number of working days? In this example, 7/4 is a US holiday, 7/7 is a US day off (Saturday) , and 7/8 is a US day off (Sunday). Access SQL Query - Top 25 containing /images/ Tag: sql,ms-access. We have created a field that calculates row by row or record by record to. The Database design guidelines might have different naming. Categories: Microsoft Office Access / No Responses / by OfficeTutes. One way of doing this is to create a primary key which contains these columns, but what if we already got a primary key. This may be inconvenient for being directly displayed or for copying and pasting into a document. The query's Recordset Type property is Snapshot. I also added a refresh button that refreshes the query but that did not seem. Query criteria help you zero in on specific items in an Access database. How to convert columns into rows. com October 3, 2018. Free trialAlready registered?. But if you try to delete the unmatched records, Access may respond with, Could not delete from specified tables. How do I find a pre-existing query in a Microsoft Access file?. Execute strDdl), or from the Access query designer. Microsoft Access is a database system which provides an easy to use. The other table will have a lookup field that can "lookup" the data in the lookup table. Cisco has fixed 18 high-impact vulnerabilities affecting several of its security offerings and is advising administrators to test and implement the offered security updates as soon as possible. You may also want to read: Sort Data in Access Report. Then, in the QBE Grid, uncheck the checkbox in the "Show:" row of the field you want to hide. Learn how to run an Access duplicates query to erase duplicates. You can calculate Total Cost in a query based on the table: Total Cost: [Cost] * (1 + [Percent Markup]/100) Set the Format property of the Total Cost column to Currency. "Query must have at least one destination field" when you run an Access query. These posts take you the next steps with your Access database: Query your Access data - Learn how to write queries to find information in your Access data base. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. AQL operates on specified files and items based on various optional criteria, specifications, modifiers, limiters, and options. So, I wrote a VBA function that can export a large Access table into an Excel spreadsheet. The course covers setting up queries, performing calculations, using the built-in Access functions to further refine query results, and identifying. It can be used anywhere in Access 2010 with any database element like; Forms, Reports, Queries and Tables. by Mary Richardson in Microsoft Office , in Software on October 2, 2008, 5:00 PM PST When your users need to run a parameter query while they're. i need to write a query that combines multiple columns of text. You see in your reports you usually need to perform the Grouping for headers and footers, so ACCESS starts manipulating your data and it needs to do it within the report structure to accurately handle the different sections. Im working in Access 2007. This type of query is useful for displaying cumulative totals over a group of records (or over a period of time) in a graph or report. Number="000054") AND (a1. See how tweaking the query properties. I have a second table that has a Entity ID column, AFE Available column, and many others. In this post, I'll show you how to link multiple tables in Access 2016. When you open a parameter query, Access will prompt you for a search term and then show you query results that reflect your search. These new fields can incorporate a large number of built in functions which let you manipulate values. Such a query will look something like this: Close and save the query. The Tools menu is not exist in Microsoft Access 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019 and 365 any longer. To start a new query on the same application, select the N= ew Query button. Change the query type to Update. syntax and examples. Go to article; If you need to compare 3 or more lists, it is simpler to create a new table, append the list items to that table, and view the results in a crosstab query. The Not command is one of the most commonly used functions in SQL queries. Calculating in Access Queries. Let's look at a simple example in. Hello, I have an Access Table for Credit Notes that contains the Following 2 Fields: Document # and Ret. mdb file, I see all the ribbon options, but I cannot locate a kind of "show existing queries" menu item. Rounding in Access. Being able to filter queries is an important part of effective data retrieval. Remove TempVars Macro. Here's how to use it. Advertisement Queries are the basis of power in a database. A common request from Access users is to send emails from within your Access Application. When you want to limit the results of a query based on the values in a field, you use query criteria. The records returned are all those in between those dates and not records that are on the start or the end date. A primary reason for its success is its interactive query interface. Query criteria help you zero in on specific items in an Access database. Let us again go to the query design and add prompt for project name. Working with Simple Criteria. MS Access - Query Data - A query is a request for data results, and for action on data. You define a hierarchy of PeopleSoft record definitions, based on logical or functional groupings, and then give users access to one or more nodes of the tree. by Hollie Miller (UK) Microsoft Access is a database management tool. MS Access 2010 lesson - writing queries with criteria and parameters. Left([strName],InStr([strName],” “)-1) Here’s a screen shot of the function in the Query Design Grid. Re: How to add AutoNumber field into a query Note a key phrase in that link: Critical to creating the auto number sub-query is that the table or query you are using as a source must contain a unique index and this field must be included in your auto number query. Even though the question specifically mentions Design View (Query Designer), it is traditional on Stack Exchange sites to share queries as SQL. How to Convert Numbers to Text in Microsoft Access. Using The Like Operator In Queries Robert Austin | September 23, 2013. When you run a parameter query, it asks you to enter a value. In Excel you can create your formulas on the worksheet with your data. The data within a database must be stored in appropriate fields depending on the data type i. I have a table with a column that contains a string of characters, i. Drag the field to be updated in the target table to the query grid. Append Query Option when Designing Queries in MS Access 2013 and 2016. To sort a query in Access in design view, select the field by which to sort in the QBE Grid. Before you run the Update Query make sure you want to do this and that you enter in the correct values because this will change data in your table. There are various reasons why you want to hide and unhide an Access object. By running queries in Access 2013 the columns that are presented in the query results are simply the fieldnames in the database. How can I set my query to show results even if the underlying query doesn't. Microsoft Access date functions are a powerful way to retrieve and analyze data in your Access databases, but very few users know about these functions or how to use them. This can be done with the use of macros which are used to automate tasks within the database. find a comprehensive manual which address this particular combination of SQL. How to Create Action Queries in Microsoft Access. Occasionally we come across project requirements that include the ability to do sequential numbering in Access on a set of data. I need to create an Autonumber field in a query I am currently running. More important than getting data into your database is how to get it out. If a query returns incorrect results and the suspected cause is an incomplete reference list, then a query report can be generated without access optimization. MS Access provides a number of ways to create tables and queries. If you ever run a query, form, or report and are prompted for a parameter when you shouldn't be, you probably misspelled the name of a field or renamed a field in a table without changing the reference in the query. If the current value isn't available then the query should use the most recent information available. Creating a select query in an Access web app is similar to the procedure above for desktop databases, with just a little extra bit of work to make the query results available in the browser. Add sorting in Access Table field. Save your query as AZ Query and then click the Run button on the toolbar to view the results. Calculated fields are a special type of field that calculate the values from other fields (or built-in Access functions), then display the result of that calculation. Access Query and Filter Criteria. Transposing data in an Access query. To combine records from tables or queries by using the union query, you need to know its rule-- the tables or queries that you want to combine must have the same number of columns, unless the union query cannot execute. You may also want to read: Sort Data in Access Report. For the first query run each day a user name and password must be entered to access the database. Give it a name like "toExport". A Microsoft Access Update Query updates specified values in a table for all records or for those records that match a specified criteria. Sometimes I don't receive a submittal. Publisher description. The Compare and Repair Database command is moved to other tabs or groups of Ribbon. A list of unsold paintings only. Find the query Properties (one way: right click in the open space above the grid, selecte Properties). In this Microsoft Access video tutorial, you'll learn about using a query rather than a table to create a form and select records. Author(s) Dev Ashish, Michel Walsh & Tim Walters (Q) How do I calculate the age of a person given his/her birthdate? (A) There are several methods to do this. I would like to incorporate in my existing query a formula that would do an unique. NOTE: When you run a query that uses a combination of parameters and calculations or functions for the first time, Access will often re-arrange what you have written in the QBE (Query By Example) grid of the query design window. I have tried without success at finding the answer on the forum as well as searching the web. Here is an example Immediate window session: strDdl = "ALTER TABLE Dummy ALTER COLUMN ID COUNTER(1, 1);" CurrentProject. Aggregate function queries in Access are usually shorter queries often used for summary totals in reporting. It is simple to define your own fields in a query and this allows you to adapt the data taken from your underlying tables. I would personally maintain and make additions to the table of dates using code. For example, you might want to see just the customers in California, or you might want to view just the orders with sales over $500. GoFundMe declined. If you are only going to use the query in a report, Yes, I leave the sorting process out of the query. Click the Office button at the top-left corner;. Nike shoes are one of the most popular choices around the world and for good reasons. Any suggestions?. Once added, you can create an INNER JOIN between the two queries by dragging and dropping the relevant field name from one to the other. When creating a query in Microsoft Access, you might want to return only distinct or unique values. This publication is available in alternative media upon request. You will learn about Tables in this lesson. Author(s) Dev Ashish: If the RowSourceType of the control is a "Table/Query", there are two ways of doing this. We cannot just use the auto-number data type because there is no promise of sequentiality but only uniqueness. Your query can be a simple question about data in a single table, or it can be a more complex question about information stored in several tables. In Excel you can create your formulas on the worksheet with your data. Queries are questions that a user asks from the database. 2 days ago · Crowdfunding platform GoFundMe, which made its name helping people give to other people, is expanding its charity fundraising tools. Formatting Access query values and editing column headings. Macro is widely used in the Access data recently and can also be used under the web Access form environment. The job description, deliverables, database structure, queries and reports are included in the att. For example, the columns in the query will typically have some calculation or condition, and will return a numerical result. Give it a name like "toExport". Internal resources, such as tutorials, can help users to create databases in Access, but some basic steps still apply. Select Queries from the Objects Pane. View: Optional: AcView. Running this report will also prompt for the criterion and dump the query result into the Writer table contained in that report. I need to schedule access queries to run each month/week and reports based on those queries at the same time and then saved into my Box Folder so that I can share them with those who need them each month/week. edu, or click the website link below. Describes how to use a form to specify the criteria for a query. For this reason, when you view a table in an Access database, you are in what Access refers to as a Datasheet View. The database itself is the stored information. All you need to do is surround the query expression with the Format function. PHP Projects for $30 - $5000. You can also use the iif function in a query. However, the problem is the exercise is based on Access 2003, while I have Access 2007 installed on my computer. To learn about creating queries, see Introduction to queries. Access Query and Filter Criteria. In the Save Options section of the Query Criteria screen Enter a Query Name. But if you try to delete the unmatched records, Access may respond with, Could not delete from specified tables. I was updating an Access application the other day and needed to get a distinct count of some records in an Access table which is similar to the sample query below from Access Northwind database. For example, you can determine the sum, average, and count. For example, First Name, Last Name, and Address. In order to do so, MS Access provides a nifty feature 'Return' - that is…. If I > run the query using MSAccess as a frontend to MySQL the query runs > correctly (it returns a recordset with 9 records). Access has automatically joined the two tables on AlbumID. If you want to release this query as a data source for external Reporting tools, select Allow External Access to this Query. Add the fields in the query grid which you want to see as a query result. If you haven't yet created the document, open Microsoft Access, click Blank Database, enter a name, click Create, and enter your database's data before continuing. This class covers the process of creating and managing Queries in Microsoft Access. After run query, Microsoft Access returns only the information you requested. Wildcards can be used in criteria to select all records which contain a particular sequence of characters (i. Note: Though you can't update the data in the query directly, you can update the data in a form or data access page based on the query if the form's RecordsetType property is set to Dynaset (Inconsistent Updates). When you filter a table to eliminate duplicate data in Microsoft Access 2002 or Microsoft Office Access 2003, use a query that uses one of the aggregate (totals) functions, such as First (), Last (), Min (), or Max (), in the fields that do not contain duplicate data. The query right now calls fields such as names, addresses, phone numbers and is distinct on the client id. No discussions were found related to Microsoft Access queries. Insert into SQL command is SQL Query statement employed to append new records to a table in your relational database. These operators can be used for number, currency, date and text of data type field. This must be done in the most simple form without any bells or whistles. by Mary Richardson in Microsoft Office , in Software on October 2, 2008, 5:00 PM PST When your users need to run a parameter query while they're. MS Access 2003: Create a query that accepts Start date and End date as parameters This MSAccess tutorial explains how to create a query that accepts a start date and an end date as parameters in Access 2003 (with screenshots and step-by-step instructions). Access Query Criteria Month. Description. Is there a way to do this with an Access query? if it makes a difference, I'm switching to sql view on my Access query to pull this query into my code so I'd like the syntax not the GUI way of doing this. Click an empty column in the Field row of the query grid. That behavior can be controlled by adjusting the intermediate commit settings for the RocksDB engine. Using The Like Operator In Queries Robert Austin | September 23, 2013. step is to actually run this query to make the new table. Create a third query and bring in just the Original table. One way to do this is by referencing the form directly in the query. Prerequisite. When these wild card queries are executed, they go and search the access database according to the search criteria mentioned. For example, if a business has customers in several different countries and they are running a promotion only for customers in France, UK and USA. Note: Queries containing formulas with the operators %RT, %CT, %GT, SUMRT, SUMCT, SUMGT, and LEAF cannot be released for OLE DB for OLAP. The process for starting the wizard varies depending on the version of Access you are using: 2013/2010 - Click the "Create" tab and then click "Query Wizard". How to hide and unhide a MS Access object You can hide and unhide a MS Access object (Tables, Queries, Forms, Reports, Pages, Macros, Modules) in the query navigation pane. Aggregates are most often used in combination with a Group By clause. Covers data from a shift that carries over to the next day. It is a great way to get started for shooters who want to get into the shooting competition. Ask Question I'm unable to use the below formula in Simple Query is MS Access while the same can be used in MS Excel and i'm getting. This is so that it can compose the query's SQL correctly. Summarizing Data in Microsoft Access 2013. So if monthstart = "Jan" I need to add the field "Jan" from the table. Also the TempVar is more frequently used under the Embedded Macro. The user enters a file path for output, then clicks on the command button to start the Access VBA export function. I have some 20 Select queries in my Access DB. make sure that your tables include a currentEntryDate (date) field where the date is recorded for when the row is created or modified. The Not function can be used anywhere you are using a comparison operator such as = (equals), < (less than), > (greater than), Exists, and the In operator. a string), but sometimes it is useful to know where one string appears within another string. my database is a database of wallpapers on my computer (i use john's background switcher), so i can easily find them and have them. In Section 2 we present background on efficient query evaluation in search engines. In this tutorial you will learn how to add a ROW number to a Query. It can be used anywhere in Access 2010 with any database element like; Forms, Reports, Queries and Tables. This Video On Demand teaches users how to create flexible queries to obtain information quickly and reliably in Microsoft Access 2010. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. After an Access database has been split there will be a backend file (data tables) and a frontend file (data. To add multiple tables to a query, follow these steps: Display the Show Table dialog box. Number AND (a1. Add Auto number in Access Table. The other table will have a lookup field that can "lookup" the data in the lookup table. This object is a structured definition of one or more actions that you want Access to perform in response to a defined event. Sooner or later you will want to perform calculations with your data. Quick Query is a Plug-In for Microsoft Access. A query can always refer to another query in the same manner it refers to a table. The following example uses the Orders table in the Northwind. You can create a normal Access Select Query, then drag the fields you want to match together. For example, the columns in the query will typically have some calculation or condition, and will return a numerical result. NOTE: When you run a query that uses a combination of parameters and calculations or functions for the first time, Access will often re-arrange what you have written in the QBE (Query By Example) grid of the query design window. MS Access 2003: Create a query that accepts Start date and End date as parameters This MSAccess tutorial explains how to create a query that accepts a start date and an end date as parameters in Access 2003 (with screenshots and step-by-step instructions). Create a query with all fields of the table, and replace the field in question with FieldAsNum:Val([OriginalFieldName]). All you need to do is surround the query expression with the Format function. In Microsoft Access 2007, I'd like to retrieve only the first 6 records from a query. I am looking for an example of how to do a nested iif statement in access. I am not sure which is the best method to do that. Once you provide the value, it will continue running, using the. In the query design grid, two criteria placed in the same row use this logical operator And When two criteria are placed in different rows in the query design grid, this logical operator will be applied. Now the question is, if I put a ? mark in the query criteria and run query and then put Yes, or No in the Enter. A list of customers from out of state (not from Illinois). You may also want to read: Access VBA auto generate mass report by group to Excel. Transposing data in an Access query. That behavior can be controlled by adjusting the intermediate commit settings for the RocksDB engine. Create a query using the Employee table as a data source. Union Query A union query is a type of the select query that allows you to combine records from different tables or queries. A Microsoft Access query is a question about the information stored in Access tables. An Access query can either be a request for data results from your database or for action on the data, or for both. Such a query will look something like this: Close and save the query. This Access tutorial explains how to export all Queries to Excel. If an item matches all the criteria you enter, it appears in the query results. Consider using the IN clause instead of joining on one or more tables. How to work with recordset (Dao) in MS Access. This is done through an action query. Hide a Query Field in Access: Instructions. Would appreciate help on this. I have a query that is returning the results i need to calculate the sum of a column called credit , CREDIT. , it is designed to be used together with a 'real' programming language. The query's Recordset Type property is Snapshot. To add a macro to a form in Access 2013 or 2016:. Microsoft Access is a database system which provides an easy to use. The Not command is one of the most commonly used functions in SQL queries. Sooner or later you will want to perform calculations with your data. Select Query → Update to change the type of query to an update action query. I would like to combine them (If Possible) into one query so I can embed them into a form or report. Simple Invoicing Desktop Database with MS Access 2013 A Database Management System (DBMS) is a set of procedures and tools to store and retrieve information. The basic query already calculates the net book value for each CLI_SIC code. Activate the Create tab. Many times you will have a query that contains a GROUP BY clause for which you need unique records, but you are getting multiple records due to joins with other tables. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: